Problems with the Oriental Cockroach?

The Oriental Cockroach

The Oriental Cockroach is a really nasty pest that you do not desire to move into your home. Roaches carry diseases but this one can cause health issues such as diarrhea, asthma, etc. If untreated you could have a health hazard. These roaches are sometimes called a water bug because of its size and the need to thrive in damp areas.

Identifying the Oriental Cockroach

The Oriental Cockroach in size is about 1 inch long. They are dark brown to black in color. The female only has wing pads where as the male has wings that cover ¾ of the abdomen. They can usually be found in damp areas such as sewer pipes, basements, crawl spaces, or sink drains.

They usually feed on decaying plant matter or trash. They are considered a filthy pest and are known to cause food poisoning. The Oriental Cockroach will invade a structure without needing a reason to.

They can access the home through voids, cracks, or even through sewer pipes. They can congregate in large numbers and take over a structure. Because of the diseases that roaches can carry, you want to take action of treatment if you notice that this filthy roach has moved in with you.

They are easily identified by their dark color and finding them in sewage or grease traps near a place of business.

Controlling the Oriental Cockroach

The first place you want to start when controlling the Oriental Cockroach would be a good IPM (Integrated Pest Management) program. Sanitation is always the big word! Keeping the inside of a structure in a clean state, not leaving food exposed for them to feed on, or even dish water sitting in the sink.

IPM goes a very long ways for the control of any pest. Outside you should seal all entry points where they can enter the structure such as under door jams, cracks around windows, pipes with gaps around them running through walls or floors.

These nasty roaches will crawl through pipes to enter homes; for example a washing machine drain pipe. The ends of open pipes should be covered by a mesh screen in order to keep the Oriental Cockroach out but still allow for the flow of your drain.

Oriental Cockroaches like damp areas, therefore fixing leaky pipes will help dry up the damp area they thrive for. Crawlspace homes should be well ventilated with the appropriate venting.

For proper venting for a structure you can contact your local pest control company in the area that you live for details. Codes and specifications may differ from state to state. The Oriental Cockroach can be treated with residual pesticides for control.

Keep in mind they like damp areas, so if you use residual sprays for control the effectiveness may not last as long as the label specifies. You may consider a wettable powder for the treatment of the pest in these areas of dampness.

If wettable powder pesticides are used inside the structure note that on dark surfaces they will be visible once dry. For inside you may prefer a EC (Emulsifiable Concentrate) that has very slight or no residue visible.

Using dusts for control is really a waste for control of the Oriental Cockroach because they will have no effect once they are damp.

Oriental Cockroach

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Don’t you hate the German Cockroach?

The horrible German Cockroach

The German Cockroach is the nasty pest that infest in homes that people hate so much. All it takes is for one or a few to sneak into your home by accident in a bag or a box.

From there they will multiply hidden in your home before you even know you are infested. Some people think that just one treatment is all it takes when there is a German Cockroach infestation.

But think again! They didn’t get in your home over night, you want get rid of them over night. Sometimes it may take several treatments to take control of the situation depending on the infestation extent.

Identifying the German Cockroach

The adult German cockroach is about ½ an inch in size. They are tan colored with dark strips running parallel with the body behind the head.

They are the most common pest found inside structures and can occur in great numbers as they multiply fairly rapidly. German cockroach has incomplete metamorphosis, which means they go from an egg, to a nymph, to an adult.

The full completion of their life cycle depends on factors of their environment, such as food source, temperatures, etc. When identifying the female German Cockroach it is easiest to look at the abdomen.

They female have a rounded abdomen where as the male has a pointed one. The female German Cockroach produces an ootheca (egg capsule) about once a month. These capsules can contain up to 50 eggs per capsule.

This is why they multiply so quickly if not treated in the early stages of infestation. German Cockroach have wings, but are not strong flyers. They can get immune to chemicals if the same chemical is applied multiple times.

Mostly when an infestation initiates, it is usually in the kitchen area where food and water sources are plentiful. As they begin to multiply the will slowly take over your entire home.

When heavy infestation occurs you will notice an odor in your home that is not quite refreshing.

German Cockroach

Treating the German Cockroach

There are several chemicals and tools to treat the German Cockroach. Some of these include the liquid poison as you know it. There are several types to choose from depending on if you want a quick kill, a slow time released encapsulated chemical, an odorless chemical, or some people prefer a chemical with a smell.

There are also wettable powders, but these tend to leave powdery spots on dark colored areas and are an eye sore to some people. Whichever one you choose keep in mind German Cockroaches will get immune to most chemicals and some faster than others.

Therefore you want to rotate the chemicals you apply according to the label if your infestation requires multiple treatments. Other tools that can be used in conjunction with the liquid chemicals method of treatment for German Cockroaches would be gel baits or bait stations.

These have seemed to work very well over the years long as they are placed correctly and all other food sources are removed. This includes good sanitation of the home and the removal of dead German Cockroach carcasses.

Think about it! If you are offered steak or hot dogs, which would you choose? By doing this you leave roaches with no choice but to eat the baits you’ve applied. Another tool to use in German Cockroach control is sticky boards.

They can be used as a tool to drop the population slightly as the roaches’ crawl onto them and get stuck. From there you can just dispose of the sticky boards. Sticky boards can be used as a tool for IPM (integrated pest management).

By using sticky boards for IPM you are able to find the heavy traffic areas and treat the areas accordingly other than to just guess. There are also dusts than can be used for German Cockroach control as a tool also.

These are a last resort being the drift of the fine powders are hard to keep on target. Dusts are good to use for inaccessible areas such as wall voids or the voids under cabinets.

Dusts have a long residual life but are not effective if they get wet.
There is also IGR’s (Insect growth Regulator) that can also be useful as in to keep the German Cockroach from multiplying faster than you are able to get control of a heavy infestation.

This just keeps them from the continually breeding. As you can see there is a many of tools that can be used for German Cockroach control.

Once you have found the extent of infestation and choose the method of treatment, follow the directions on the label for your “German Cockroach” infestation.

German Cockroach

The American Roach, a home invader!

The Huge American Roach

The American Roach is the huge roach that is one of the outside pests that wonder indoors at times. Some people have been known to call this pest a water bug. They generally don’t infest inside homes, but crawl or fly in at times of dry weather in search of food or water sources.

They are usually just an annoyance for the home owner when they wonder inside. To some people they are a frightening pest. They say 99 percent of pests that invade the home come from outside and the American Roach is one of them pests.

Identifying the American Roach

The American Roach is the largest of the common cockroaches at a length of 1 ½ inches long. They are reddish brown in color with the thorax being lighter in color. The American Roach prefer dark moist areas.

Some of these areas would be under structures, in basements, mulches, wood piles, stumps, attics, behind the brick foundations of brick homes, etc. These are only a few of the living areas you will find the American Roach. They are a noisy pest as they are loud crawlers in areas such as leaves in the yard.

They can produce into great numbers, but unlike the German Cockroach having a great many of eggs per capsule the American Roach ootheca (egg capsule) only has around 15 eggs inside. They are scavengers and will eat almost anything but prefer items such as paper, fruits, starchy foods, leaves, fungi, etc.

These are only a few things the American Roach will eat. The American Roach is also able to fly and can glide long distances.

Control of the American Roach

There are several things that can be done in order to control the American roach and keep the population to a minimum. One thing would be to remove areas in which they live.

Some examples are piles of leaves, mulch areas, and piles of junk where they harbor, wood piles, etc. Access points where they enter the structure can be sealed or caulked to keep them out of the home.

I wouldn’t recommend caulking the gaps in the bricks for brick homes as this acts as ventilation for moisture inside the walls. These gaps in the bricks should not be caulked to keep the American Roach out of your home.

If they are sealed, you can create another problem of potentially having mold in your walls. These gaps were left there for a reason. Residual sprays can be sprayed for American Roaches to areas specified by the label.

Some of these areas would be inside the structure, under a structure, or the perimeter for example. Dusts are a great tool for treating the American Roach in areas such as voids that are untreatable with residual sprays.

If using dusts they must be used in dry areas or they will not benefit you in any way if the dusts are applied to moist areas. Dusts should be used as the label specifies and applied lightly as if applied heavily they will act as a deterrent.

Be sure if using dusts to control the American Roach your placement is in areas where children and pets are not subject to come in contact with them. Baits are also a tool that can be used for control of the pest.

Sticky boards can be used for IPM (integrated pest Management) to find the heavy traffic areas where treatment is needed the most. I have found that wettable powders work very well for the American Roach control.

American Roach